The Angle

A Unique Argument About VAR

by on 7 August 2017

For all of the pro/con arguments about Video Assistant Referees (VAR) that have taken place this summer, Saturday’s Minnesota United vs. Seattle Sounders game provided an instance where VAR proved a far more complicating component to the match than likely anybody ever anticipated. To say that video review is going to change the way the game is officiated at the professional level is an understatement. It is rapidly becoming clear that it will change the game in ways that were not anticipated.

In the 12th minute, Kevin Molino played a pretty through-ball for Abu Danladi out of the midfield. Danladi was a bit behind his mark, Román Torres (or as my kids call him, The Weeknd), but Chad Marshall on the backside of the play is behind Torres and may or may not have been keeping Danladi onside. We don’t ever get a replay angle even with Marshall, so the arguments here are strictly geometrical and ultimately inconclusive. Or, perhaps conclusive if you refuse to eliminate bias for either team. I don’t really want to spend a lot of time on that element of the play.

Original television angle of the play suggests Danladi’s body may be just ahead of Marshall’s.

Assistant referees are generally advised to err on the side of the attacker in these situations. If there is any doubt that the attacker is offside, the flag should stay down. The assistant referee on this play, Adam Garner, shows terrific mechanics and positioning to put himself in the best place to make the correct decision, but Marshall’s sudden drop is very difficult to anticipate (and also some really poor positional defending… Marshall played really well the rest of this night, but this was not his finest moment). Garner was 100 percent sure Danladi was still offside when Molino played the through-ball. Danladi’s foot or torso had to be beyond Marshall, hence the flag. But this decision is so tight, if Garner keeps the flag down here and replays show that Danladi’s chest hair or big toe is beyond Marshall, nobody is going to dock him points for the apparent mistake.

Offside decisions do not get any closer than this.

The conundrum this play creates for the officiating crew in the Land of VAR (a region most certainly that is going to be annexed by Vladimir Putin at some point in the future) is the ability to review it. Without VAR, the decision falls entirely on Garner. With VAR in play, both Garner and referee José Carlos Rivero have the opportunity to think on their feet and use technology to improve their ability to get this play right — if they follow the rules of VAR.

We saw Clint Dempsey’s first half goal undergo a brief review for an offside decision and the goal was correctly awarded. The VAR review could be implemented because the ball was in the goal and the stoppage before the ensuing kickoff allowed time for a review, to ensure the decision was accurate.

In Danladi’s play, however, when play is stopped in the midfield, there is no opportunity to deploy the VAR. If VAR were to be used and the decision was made that Danladi was onside, the only option would be a dropped ball restart for an accidental whistle. That might restore a slight sense of justice over possession, but Minnesota want Danladi in clean on goal, and that isn’t going to happen. Therefore, as this play was called, it was not reviewable.

But what if Garner, recognizing he has a VAR safety net, decides to keep the flag down here? Danladi rolls through and let’s say he scores. Just like the Dempsey goal, Rivero and VAR Victor Rivas can now review the play and decide if Danladi was offside. If yes, the goal can be overturned and an indirect free kick is awarded to Seattle at the point of the infraction. If no, Minnesota gets a justly deserved goal. If the officiating crew wants to ensure justice is carried out on this play, Garner’s logically correct decision here is to keep the flag down and let play continue.

That decision is not just on Garner. The referee is empowered to overrule any decision by their assistants. Rivero could have thought in that split second, “Wait, that looks really tight, Danaldi is in clean, I can wave down my assistant referee and let the play run. I can always go back to VAR.” Rivero has a second opportunity to recognize the value of the replay review to positively affect the play.

Is PRO or, at a higher level, FIFA, offering this kind of instruction to officiating crews using VAR? I have no idea. If not, I would argue VAR is not being utilized to its fullest extent. The rules of implementation do make sense for how this play was called. If play is halted for the offside infraction, there’s no point in activating VAR, because Minnesota has already lost the scoring chance. In order to provide all possible outcomes, the referee crew has to (a) recognize this call is razor thin and (b) implement a decision-making process that maintains all possible outcomes. The need for the referee and their assistants to think on their feet and recognize the complexity of these decisions just multiplied.

One other interesting outcome of this play is the application of misconduct and the players’ understanding (or lack thereof) of how VAR is implemented. Danladi, in spite of the whistle, continues charging towards goal with the ball and slots it past Seattle goalkeeper Stefan Frei. In the world of unwritten rules of soccer, this has generally been regarded as a no-no, sort of like hockey players who continue skating towards goal after a whistle, then launching a shot past the goalkeeper. Regardless of the sport, goalkeepers don’t like dragging any kind of ball out of their net, good goal or not. Frei is visibly upset by Danladi’s actions. This sort of behavior by Danladi has traditionally warranted a lecture from the referee or even a caution for delaying the restart of play.

Stefan Frei is not happy about Danladi ignoring the whistle.

VAR changes that. If I’m Danladi, I finish this play because hey, maybe if I score, the VAR can go back and give us the goal! It’s in my and my team’s best interests for me to keep playing here.

Of course, players are expected to know and adhere to the rules of the sport, so one could make a weak argument that Danladi should know that if he plays past the whistle here, there’s no way the play can be reviewed anyway. But this is a brand new and complex mechanic for the sport. It’s going to take some time for players to get used to it. How long do they get? Several months? Several years? Will the International Football Association Board continue to tinker with when and where VAR can be implemented? If it is changing frequently, actions like Danladi’s can no longer be punished as severely as they used to be. Players can “hide” behind the excuse that they are just trying to provide alternate outcomes for the VAR to review.

I am not saying that VAR is a positive or negative addition to the professional game at this point. I think most of its applications will actually turn out to be positive. However, it’s going to change things on levels that have not even been considered yet. One of the challenges with VAR is that, unlike other elements of officiating, there is not going to be an opportunity to practice its use and mechanics at lower levels. A referee can work on player management and presence tactics from the moment they start officiating U-10 games all the way through their promotion to the professional ranks. With VAR, the first time you use it is when you finally crack those professional ranks. In talking down an angry player, a referee can use skills and conversation that they have practiced at lower levels of the game. With complex decisions such as the Danladi play, this is a going to be a brand new experience at the game’s highest level. Whether that is a positive for officiating remains to be seen.


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  • Gitchee Gomie

    Thanks for the clarification on this.

  • Wes

    It takes all the fun of it when people who know what they’re talking about explain things.

  • Ian

    Is the VAR allowed to tell the on fields refs other things he sees while the game on video? For example the entire game both Sounders CBs were pretty blatantly fouling Danladi throughout the match. So was the VAR not allowed to tell the center to keep an eye out for that or did the crew just choose to ignore these infractions?

    • markgoody

      There were lots of uncalled physical plays in both directions, I thought. It may have been the style of game the center ref was calling.

    • Chris RB

      Things have changed, but the phrase that Howard Webb, who helped set it up, kept repeating was “clear and obvious errors.” Physical plays often ride the line of foul/not foul, so my guess is that doesn’t meet that threshold.

      The VAR can correct things like “you gave a yellow, but that should have been a red” etc etc. Or at least, when Webb was talking about it with Grant Wahl that’s what he described.

  • Vinyl Haircut

    Thanks for the insightful analysis. You raise some interesting questions.

    Frankly, the idea that a referee might keep a flag down “recognizing he has a VAR safety net” is a bit troubling to me. Here’s why. In your example, Danladi scores, which gives the opportunity to correct any wrongs. But that might not be the case. What if a save was made, the ball stayed in play, Minnesota retained possession and eventually scored several minutes later? How far back in time should a play be reviewed? If it’s several minutes, I assume it’s too late to review the tight offsides play that started the whole sequence. So there’s only a “safety net” if a stoppage occurs shortly thereafter.

    Alternatively, instead of a goal, what if there’s a serious injury as a result of letting the play proceed due to a perceived safety net? We quickly get into an alternative universe discussion.

    So my instinct is that the best instruction for referees is the same as it was before the advent of VAR: use your best judgment and make the call as you see it. If that negates the possibility of a replay review later because the play was stopped, so be it. One of the great things about soccer is the continuous action, and that also limits the application of replay technology.

  • Ben Polzin

    While the result of the game was never in question this weekend I thought VAR killed the experience a number of times. This play was a prime example as Doug notes that typically Danladi would not have finished this play (in Cal’s TV commentary he notes, “half the stadium thinks it’s a goal”). Then the review of Dempsey’s goal. Then Danladi’s very offside “goal” at the end of the game they reviewed. All the delays, questions, is it/isn’t it, etc. suck for fans that are used to continuous play of the ‘beautiful game’. And when there is a video review there’s no NFL-like explanation by the ref at the end of it over the PA, Not advocating for that, but… it all adds up to a poor fan experience.

    By the way, I’m willing to bet the refs had a discussion at halftime about keeping their flags down so they could review calls after the play in this article in the first half. If I remember correctly the offside Danladi goal at the end of the game the AR put his flag up briefly, then back down. Either have the stones to make the call or let every offside call go to VAR.

    Which brings me to my point. Offside should not be decided by a human any longer. If you’re bringing this technology to the game then you have the technology to automate this process entirely and put up a “stoplight” at each corner of the field that changes from green to red for every play. No need for the AR to sprint down the sideline to maintain position, no judgment calls for these incredibly difficult decisions.. it’s all done by a computer and 100% automated with immediate decisions and no waiting. Everyone in the stadium will know before the ball hits the back of the net whether it’s a goal or not.

    • I agree that these calls should be made automatically. They need a light-up pitch or something on the sideline. Red/Green so the whole stadium knows if its off or not. It’d probably get screwed up when the goalie comes out or one some set piece plays where the ball gets fired back in. All things that could get figured out.

  • This is all very interesting. It seems like this needs to get to a real-time level before it’d really be all that helpful. If the VAR can help make a call while the game is happening its great. If it is an after the fact situation you could come up with so many times where leaving the flag down doesn’t make sense. That’s not even getting to the robot ref part of things. I also (like Ian) don’t understand why the VAR ref can’t interact with the rest of the crew. If they see something behind the play they should let it be known. Just like the 4th official that sees Zidane throw the headbutt. All of the magical technology we can find wasn’t changing last weeks outcome. Man is it fun to discuss. #watercooler

  • chadchadchad

    Would like a comparison to how the Morris first half goal was ruled out for offsides. AR flagged for offsides right away, but the center didn’t allow Bobby to take the ensuing free kick immediately. Center had hand to his earpiece for a good 20 seconds while standing over the ball. I am assuming he was getting input from VAR. No replay was shown in stadium, so I don’t have a reference for how close that decision was compared to the Danladi one here. I think it might help frame you opinion better to show both decision making processes from the same game.

  • nomadic loon

    What a great article. It should be put on the MLS web site. Thanks Doug!

  • Tres Gatos

    VAR is not the way forward. The game was fine before VAR. What next? More cameras? Lasers? Sensors? Replace human officials with robots? There will always be people that will complain about the calls. 😹😹😹

    At what point is the line drawn because of the ridiculous nature of this evolution? 🤔